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Political Science: Plagiarism and paraphrasing

You may use this guide as a starting point for your research in Political Science, Comparative Politics or International Relations.

Plagiarism and Paraphrasing

If you fail to properly credit ideas or materials taken from someone else, it is considered plagiarism.

To avoid plagiarism

  • include complete citations for all materials you use in your paper which  includes text and graphics from printed and online resources.
  • do not copy, borrow, or hire someone to write a paper
  • • do not cut and paste anything from a periodical article or the Internet without quoting and citing
  • Please note that according to the Rules of Conduct in UCF’s Golden Rule, plagiarism is a form of cheating and considered a violation of student academic behavior standards.

A direct quote (verbatim, word-for-word) should follow a specified format.

For APA:

  • short quotations (40 words or less) are in double quotations. The author, year, and a specific page citation are provided in the text.
  • longer quotations, instead of using quotation marks, indent the quoted material five spaces from both the left and the right and maintain double spacing.
  • parenthetical citation is the same for short quotations and comes after the last punctuation mark in the quotation.

Paraphrasing is a restatement of the original quotation.

  • Even if you successfully paraphrase someone else’s work, you still must give credit.
  • The citation format for a paraphrased section is the same as for a direct quotation, except specific page numbers are not required.

There are some instances where a citation is not required.

  • The general rule is that common knowledge: such as Disney World is located in Florida or Levi Strauss invented jeans, do not require a source.
  • Proverbs or well known sayings (e.g., “The early bird catches the worm”) also do not require a citation.

A number of sources are available to help you decide if you have mastered the ability to paraphrase:

University of Central Florida, The University Writing Center, Plagiarism & Misuse of Sources http://uwc.cah.ucf.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2015/04/Plagiarism_and_Misuse.pdf

Purdue, Online Writing Lab, Is it Plagiarism Yet? https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/02/

Indiana University-Bloomington, School of Education, How to Recognize Plagiarism; http://www.indiana.edu/~istd/example1paraphrasing.html