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LDR 2001- Foundations of Leadership

APA Style

Two Parts of APA Citation: In-Text Citations & Reference List

Citation is a two-part process that includes both in-text citations and a reference list. Each in-text citation must be on your reference list and vice versa. Any source material that is not your own or is not common knowledge must be cited.

For examples of in-text citations, see https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/

For examples of reference entries, see https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references

Always double check citations created through citation generators because they are not always accurate; this includes citations included in the library catalog and databases.

Sample APA Reference List Entries

Journal article with DOI

Ball, T. M., Shapiro, D. E., Monheim, C. J., & Weydert, J. A. (2003). A pilot study of the use of guided imagery for the treatment of recurrent abdominal pain in children. Clinical Pediatrics, 42(6), 527–532. https://doi.org/10.1177/000992280304200607

Journal article without a DOI and not from a database

Ahmann, E., Tuttle, L. J., Saviet, M., & Wright, S. D. (2018). A descriptive review of ADHD coaching research. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(1), 17-39. https://www.ahead.org/professional-resources/publications/jped/archived-jped/jped-volume-31

TED Talk

Cuddy, A. (2012, June). Your body language may shape who you are [Video]. TED Conferences.   https://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_your_body_language_shapes_who_you_are

YouTube Video

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guRoWTYfxMs

Magazine article

Bustillos, M. (2013, March 19). On video games and storytelling: An interview with Tom Bissell. The New Yorkerhttps://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/on-video-games-and-storytelling-an-interview-with-tom-bissell

Book with no DOI

Jacobson, E. (1938). Progressive relaxation (2nd ed.). University of Chicago Press.

Book with DOI

Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association. http://doi.org/10.1037/0000092-000

Chapter in an edited book without a DOI

Weinstock, R., Leon, G. B., & Silva, J. A. (2003). Defining forensic psychiatry: Roles and responsibilities. In R. Rosner (Ed.), Principles and practice of forensic psychiatry (2nd ed., pp. 7-13). CRC Press.

Webpage on a website with an individual author

Martin Lillie, C. M. (2016, December 29). Be kind to yourself: How self-compassion can improve your resiliency. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/self-compassion-can-improve-your-resiliency/art-20267193

Webpage on a website with a group author

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, January 23). People at high risk of developing flu-related compilationshttps://www.cdc.gov/flu/highrisk/index.htm