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ENC 5933 Seminar for Writing Consultant

MLA Style Resources

MLA (Modern Language Association) Style is commonly used in the humanities, particularly in language and literature research. The 9th edition of The MLA Handbook is the authoritative source for MLA style and citation. Additional resources on MLA style are listed below.

Citation is a two-part process that includes both in-text (or parenthetical) citations and a works cited list. Each in-text citation must be on your works cited page and vice versa. Any source material that is not your own or is not common knowledge must be cited. 

MLA Style Citation Templates

Journal Article from a Database:

Author's Last name, First name."Title of Article." Name of Journal, vol. #, no. #, Date, pp. Name of Database. DOI or permalink. 

Note: If a DOI--digital object identifier-is available, use the DOI instead of the URL. 


Author's Last name, First name. Title of Book. City of Publication, Publisher, Publication Date.

eBook from a Database:

Author's Last name, First name. Title of Book. Publisher, Date. Name of Database, DOI or permalink.

APA Style

Sample APA Reference List Entries

Journal article with DOI

Ball, T. M., Shapiro, D. E., Monheim, C. J., & Weydert, J. A. (2003). A pilot study of the use of guided imagery for the treatment of recurrent abdominal pain in children. Clinical Pediatrics, 42(6), 527–532.

Journal article without a DOI and not from a database

Ahmann, E., Tuttle, L. J., Saviet, M., & Wright, S. D. (2018). A descriptive review of ADHD coaching research. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(1), 17-39.

TED Talk

Cuddy, A. (2012, June). Your body language may shape who you are [Video]. TED Conferences.

YouTube Video

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube.

Magazine article

Bustillos, M. (2013, March 19). On video games and storytelling: An interview with Tom Bissell. The New Yorker

Book with no DOI

Jacobson, E. (1938). Progressive relaxation (2nd ed.). University of Chicago Press.

Book with DOI

Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.

Chapter in an edited book without a DOI

Weinstock, R., Leon, G. B., & Silva, J. A. (2003). Defining forensic psychiatry: Roles and responsibilities. In R. Rosner (Ed.), Principles and practice of forensic psychiatry (2nd ed., pp. 7-13). CRC Press.

Webpage on a website with an individual author

Martin Lillie, C. M. (2016, December 29). Be kind to yourself: How self-compassion can improve your resiliency. Mayo Clinic.

Webpage on a website with a group author

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, January 23). People at high risk of developing flu-related compilations