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MLA Style Guide

About the Works Cited Page

Each source cited in the text or notes of your paper must appear in the works cited list at the end of the paper. The works cited page contains the complete bibliographic information for the sources identified in the in-text citations. MLA core elements guide

Works cited entries are created using the MLA core elements template, which includes information about the author, title, publication date, etc. 

Entries are arranged alphabetically by the author's last name or by the title (if there is no author). The works cited page is double spaced, with no extra spaces between entries. Each works cited entry is formatted using a hanging indent, meaning the first line is flush with the left margin and subsequent line(s) are indented 0.5 inch from the left margin. Major words in titles are capitalized.

How you format your works cited entry depends on what type of source (book, journal article, website, etc.) you are citing and how you accessed that source (through a library database, through a streaming service, on a website, etc.). Below are sample entries for some commonly cited source types.


Image from the MLA Style Center website.

Sample Works Cited Entries: Books

An entire print book:

Lemery, Jay, and Paul Auerbach. Enviromedics: The Impact of Climate Change on Human Health. Rowan and Littlefield, 2017. 

A chapter in an edited book located through a library database with a DOI:

Toorn, Penny van, and Daniel Justice. "Aboriginal Writing." The Cambridge Companion to Canadian Literature, edited by Eva-Marie Kroller, Cambridge UP, 2017, pp. 26-58. Cambridge Core,

Two or more books by the same author:

Morrison, Toni. Beloved. Alfred A. Knopf, 1987.

---. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. Harvard UP, 1992. 


Examples are from the 9th edition of the MLA Handbook.

Sample Works Cited Entries: Articles

Journal article with 3 or more authors located using a library database with a stable URL:

Nickerson, Raymond S., et al. "Validity and Persuasiveness of Conditional Arguments." The American Journal of Psychology, vol. 132, no. 2, summer 2019, pp. 131-47. JSTOR, 

Magazine article located using a library database with a permalink:

Deresiewicz, William. "The Death of the Artist--and the Birth of the Creative Entrepreneur." The Atlantic, Jan.-Feb. 2015, pp. 92-97. Academic Search Premier, 

Newspaper article published online without page numbers:

Parker-Pope, Tara. "How to Age Well." The New York Times, 2 Nov. 2017,


Some examples are from the 9th edition of the MLA Handbook.

How to Cite a Journal Article in MLA Style

Watch this video see how to properly cite a journal article in MLA style.

Sample Work Cited Entries: Additional Online Sources

Work listed by title (no identified author) published online:

Reading at Risk: A Survey of Literary Reading in America. National Endowment for the Arts, June 2004, 

Study with a corporate author published online:

National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society. Climate Change: Evidence and Causes: Update 2020. National Academy Press, 2020,

Television show episode located on YouTube:

"Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Unaired Pilot 1996." YouTube, uploaded by Brian Stowe, 28 Jan. 2012,

Blog post:

Film Crit Hulk. "What We Talk About When We Talk About Female Filmmaking." Film Crit Hulk! Hulk Blog!, 16 Mar. 2018,


Examples are from the 9th edition of the MLA Handbook.