APA style for documentation is widely used in the behavioral and social sciences, including psychology, sociology, economics, education, nursing, social work, and criminal justice. APA style prescribes a set of requirements for the formatting of a research paper. While the manual gives specific rules and examples, there may be a need at times for interpretation of the guidelines. Consultation with your professor about the specifics of APA style is always recommended.
Citation is a two-part process that includes both in-text citations and a reference list. Each in-text citation must be on your reference list and vice versa. Any source material that is not your own or is not common knowledge must be cited.
For examples of in-text citations, see https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/
For examples of reference entries, see https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references
Always double check citations created through citation generators because they are not always accurate; this includes citations included in the library catalog and databases.
Journal article with DOI
Ball, T. M., Shapiro, D. E., Monheim, C. J., & Weydert, J. A. (2003). A pilot study of the use of guided imagery for the treatment of recurrent abdominal pain in children. Clinical Pediatrics, 42(6), 527–532. https://doi.org/10.1177/000992280304200607
Journal article without a DOI and not from a database
Ahmann, E., Tuttle, L. J., Saviet, M., & Wright, S. D. (2018). A descriptive review of ADHD coaching research. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(1), 17-39. https://www.ahead.org/professional-resources/publications/jped/archived-jped/jped-volume-31
Bustillos, M. (2013, March 19). On video games and storytelling: An interview with Tom Bissell. The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/on-video-games-and-storytelling-an-interview-with-tom-bissell
Book with no DOI
Jacobson, E. (1938). Progressive relaxation (2nd ed.). University of Chicago Press.
Book with DOI
Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association. http://doi.org/10.1037/0000092-000
Chapter in an edited book without a DOI
Weinstock, R., Leon, G. B., & Silva, J. A. (2003). Defining forensic psychiatry: Roles and responsibilities. In R. Rosner (Ed.), Principles and practice of forensic psychiatry (2nd ed., pp. 7-13). CRC Press.
Webpage on a website with an individual author
Martin Lillie, C. M. (2016, December 29). Be kind to yourself: How self-compassion can improve your resiliency. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/self-compassion-can-improve-your-resiliency/art-20267193
Webpage on a website with a group author
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, January 23). People at high risk of developing flu-related compilations. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/highrisk/index.htm