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APA Style Guide

Dissertations and Theses

Dissertation or Thesis Format:

For a dissertation or master's thesis available from a database service, use this template:

Author, A. A. (2003). Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis (Doctoral dissertation or master's thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order No.)

For an unpublished dissertation or master's thesis, use the following template:

Author, A. A. (1978). Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis (Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master's thesis). Name of Institution, Location.


  • Italicize the name of the dissertation or thesis.
  • Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master's thesis in parentheses after the title.

Technical and Research Reports

General Format for Technical or Research Report:

Author, A. A. (1998). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Location: Publisher

If the issuing agency or organization assigned a number (e.g. report number, contract number, monograph number) to the report, give that number in parentheses immediately after the title.

If you obtained the report from the U.S. Government Printing Office, list the publisher location and name as Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.

For reports retrieved online, identify the publisher as part of the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author: Retrieved from Agency name website: http://www.xxxxxx


Meetings and Symposia


Contributor, A, A., Contributor, B. B., Contributor, C. C., & Contributor, D. D. (Year, Month). Title of contribution. In E. E. Chairperson (Chair), Title of symposium. Symposium conducted at the meeting of Organization Name, Location.

Paper presented or poster session:

Presenter, A. A. (Year, Month). Title of paper or poster. Paper or poster session presented at the meeting of Organization Name, Location.