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CRS Report, January 23, 2019
"Provides overview of the Kurdish political profile and influence in Iraq, Turkey, Syria, and Iran, in light of the frequent conflict between Kurds and their respective governments."
CRS Report, October 3, 2017
"Examines Sept. 25, 2017, referendum on independence from Iraq for the Kurdistan Region and certain Kurdistani disputed areas. Reviews Iraq national government response to the referendum which voted in favor of independence, and outlines U.S. policy toward the Kurdistan Regional Government and issues for Congress in light of the referendum."
CRS Report, December 28, 2016
"Discusses roles played in U.S. and coalition efforts to defeat the Islamic State by Iraqi Kurdish groups affiliated with Kurdistan regional government and by Syrian Kurdish Democratic Union Party/People's Protection Units. Examines interactions that Iraqi and Syrian Kurds have with other actors; various benefits and challenges Kurdish actions and aspirations present for U.S. interests in the region; outlook for military operations and political outcomes; humanitarian concerns; U.S. policy questions related to assessments of and plans for U.S.-Kurdish cooperation; and broader trajectory of U.S.-Kurdish partnership."
CRS Report, July 31, 2015
"Examines Turkey-U.S. military coordination against Islamic State in the Syrian-Turkish border area, and discusses implications of Turkish air operations against Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in Iraq in retaliation for an attack in Turkey. Addresses U.S. policy implications and questions."
CRS Report, April 15, 2014
"Discusses background and history of ethnic Kurds who inhabit a largely mountainous region at the intersection of Turkey, Iraq, Syria, and Iran, and are one of the largest ethnic groups without control of a State. Considers possibility of Iraqi Kurdish independence and potential regional implications."
CRS Report, October 01, 2010
"Discusses status and position of Kurdish community in post-Saddam Iraq. Considers reconstruction efforts and stability in Kurdish inhabited areas, increasing Kurdish political involvement, and associated concerns."
CRS Report, September 21, 2010
"Provides overview of current economic, demographic, historical and political situation in Turkey surrounding ongoing political power struggle, the results of which will determine its national identity. Examines role of Turkish military, Kurdish identity issue, press freedom, Fethullah Gulen movement, future political possibilities, overall assessment of Justice and Development Party rule, and U.S. policy."