APA 7th edition is the newest version of APA, released in October 2019. APA provides a structured way to format your papers, include in-text citations and references, and avoid plagiarism.
Pay special attention to your professors' specific requirements. Professors often have requirements in addition to the basic student version of APA. Some common "additional" requirements include: an abstract page and a running head. These two things are not required for student APA papers, but your professors may require them. See examples of an abstract and running head on the professional sample paper.
Important: Double check that your class requires the 7th edition and not the 6th edition. If your class requires the 6th edition, the Purdue OWL provides information on this older edition until 2021.
How do you cite a source? Here are the steps.
Note: all citation examples below are fictitious but with correct APA 7th formatting, courtesy of an accurate but hungry librarian.
One author, parenthetical
A new ice cream flavor includes cucumber, mint, and ginger (Dubach, 2020).
One author, narrative
Dubach (2020) designed a new ice cream flavor including cucumber, mint, and ginger.
Two authors, parenthetical
A new variety of pizza includes toppings of asparagus and ashwagandha (Dubach & Todd, 2020).
Two authors, narrative
Dubach and Todd (2020) describe a new variety of pizza which includes toppings of asparagus and ashwagandha.
Three or more authors, parenthetical
Consistent taco consumption was found to increase happiness (Nuhn et al., 2020).
Same author, same year, two different sources
Another study invented the inverted quesadilla (Furlong, 2020a). A subsequent study describes the foundation for inverted quesadilla science (Furlong, 2020b).
Organizational author (with acronym)
July 7 is World Chocolate Day (Society for the Appreciation of Chocolate and Kiwi [SACK], 2020). How much do you really know about chocolate, and how does it relate to kiwi? Chocolate dipped kiwi is expected to rise in popularity next year (SACK, 2020).
Tacos typically only include pickled foods if those foods are also described as spicy (Nuhn et al., n.d.).
One page (for quotations)
Tacos are described as the "most versatile food" (Nuhn et al., 2020, p. 2).
Multiple pages (for quotations)
Pizza is "the poetry of palates, and the finesse of flavor" (Dubach & Todd, 2020, pp. 4-5).
Unknown page numbers for quotations (count the paragraphs)
A wise person once said, "ice cream is to gelato as foundations are to fortresses" (Furlong, 2020, para. 2).
Journal article with DOI assigned
Hu, J. (2007). Health-related quality of life in low-income older African Americans. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 24(4), 253-265. https://doi.org/10.1080/07370010701645901
Journal article without DOI from a database requiring sign-in (e.g., one of the UCF Libraries' databases) or a print copy
Whalen, F. L., & France, R. (1996). A lab's outreach for healthier school kids. Medical Laboratory Observer, 28(1), 59-61.
Journal article without DOI from an openly accessible website (i.e., no log in required)
Vladeck, B. C. (1989). Long-term care for the elderly: The future of nursing homes. The Western Journal of Medicine, 150(2), 215-220. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2499122/
See more journal article references from APA Style, with special exceptions for clinical practice references.
Journal article tips:
Additional reference examples from APA Style: