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MLA 7th Edition

Key Abbreviations

comp.     compiler,

                compiled by

cond.      conductor,

                conducted by

dir.          director,

               directed by

ed.         editor, edition,

               edited by

et al.      and others

fwd.        foreword,

               foreword by

illus.      illustrator, illustration,

               illustrated by

narr.       narrator,

               narrated by

n.d.        no date of publication

n.p.        no place of publication;

               no publisher

n. pag.   no pagination

perf.       performer,

               performed by

pref.       preface, preface by

prod.      producer, produced by

pt.          part

qtd.        quoted

rev.        review, reviewed by;


               revised, revised by

               (spell out review

               where rev. might be


trans.     translator, translation,

               translated by

UP        University Press 

vol.       volume

Book Citations

New guidelines:

  • Print is no longer the default medium;
  • Each print publication must be designated as such at the end of each entry (see below);
  • No longer need to underline book titles;
  • Titles that formerly would have been underlined (books, journals, magazines, newspapers, websites online databases, films etc.) should now be italicized;

These are some of the print citations most commonly used a works cited list. if you need to cite a source that is not listed here, please consult the new seventh edition of the MLA Handbook by Joseph Gibaldi.


Single author:

Harbord, Janet.  The Evolution of Film: Rethinking Film Studies.  Cambridge: Polity, 2007. Print.


Multiple authors:

Booth, Wayne C., Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of Research.

      2nd ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2003. Print.


Book editor:

Shell, Marc, ed. American Babel: Literatures of the United States from Abnaki to Zuni.

      Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2002. Print.



New York Public Library American History Desk Reference. New York: Macmillan, 1997. Print.


Corporate author; a government department or and organization:

National Research Council. Beyond Six Billion: Forecasting the World's Population.

      Washington: Natl. Acad., 2000. Print.



An electronic (ebook) or online book:

Szeman, Imre. Zones of Instability: Literature, Postcolonialism, and the Nation. Baltimore:

      John Hopkins UP, 2004. ebrary. Web. 29 Oct. 2008.

Rawlins, Gregory J. E. Moths to the Flame. Cambridge: MIT P, 2004. The MIT Press. Web. 17 Jan. 2007.

Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

Dictionary defintion

"Azimuthal Equidistant Projection." Merrian-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 11th ed. 2003. Print.


Encyclopedia entry

"Japan." The Encyclopedia Americana. 2004 ed. Print.