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MLA 7th Edition

Did You Know?

New guidelines:

  • Now requires the designation Web in each entry to let your reader know that you are using an online source.

Include a URL when:

  • Only when your instructor requires it, or
  • the reader cannot possibly locate the source without it.

MLA guidelines now call for works cited from the Web to use the abbreviations:

  • N.p. when there is no publisher or sponsor of the site given
  • n.d. when the date of publication is missing and
  • n. pag. when online sources are not paginated

Academic Databases & Journals

An article from a library's subscription database:

The name and place of the library is no longer required.

Jenson, Jill D. "It's the Information Age, so Where's the Information?" College Teaching

      52.3 (2004): 107-12. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Feb. 2005.


Article from an online scholarly journal (without page numbers):

If page numbers are not available, use n. pag.

Belau, Linda. “Trauma and the Material Signifier.” Postmodern Culture 11: 2 (2001): n. pag.

      Web. 20 Feb. 2006.


Citing a website where an author is listed:

Peterson, Susan. The Life of Martin Luther. Susan Peterson, 2002. Web. 24 Jan. 2006.


If a URL is required, include it at the end of your citation. If the URL won't fit on one line, divide it after the slash and do not include a hyphen:

Peterson, Susan. The Life of Martin Luther. Susan Peterson, 2002. Web.

      24 Jan. 2006. <>.


Citing a website with a corporate author (organization or government department):

United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Drinking Water Standards. EPA, 28

      Nov. 2006. Web. 24 Jan. 2007.


Citing a website with an unknown author:

Margaret Sanger Papers Project. History Dept., New York U, 18 Oct. 2000. Web. 6 Jan. 2007.


Citing a website with no title:

Yoon, Mina. Home page. Oak Ridge Natl. Laboratory, 28 Dec. 2006. Web. 12 Jan. 2007.


A short work from (or part of) a website:

If the date of publication is not available, use n.d.

Shiva, Vandana. "Bioethics:  A Third World Issue." Native Web. Native Web, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2007


Article from an online magazine:

Paulson, Steve. "Buddha on the Brain." Salon Media Group, 27 Nov. 2006.

      Web. 18 Jan. 2007.


Article from an online newspaper:

Rubin Joel. "Report Faults Charter School." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times,

      22 Jan. 2005. Web. 24 Jan. 2005.