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This research guide identifies materials for basic and advanced research in philosophy. It lists a variety of sources, including databases, reference works, and Internet sites useful for the study of philosophy.

Basic Biographical Sources

Use the following sources, as well as many of those listed under "Encyclopedias and Dictionaries" to find biographical information on philosophers.

Both Directory of American Philosophers and International Directory of Philosophy & Philosophers, produced by the Philosophy Documentation Center, list university and college philosophy departments, centers and institutes, philosophical societies, journals, publishers of philosophical works, and the names and addresses of philosophers, including some individuals with graduate philosophy degrees but not affiliated with any academic institution.

Choosing Biographical Sources

There are several aspects to consider when you are looking for biographical information and choosing a source.

> What type of information do you need? Basic information (e.g., birth and death dates) or an in-depth essay about the person with a list of other resources to consult?

> Do you want direct information about the person or do you want a list of resources to consult?

> Is the person you are researching living or dead?

> In what field (politics, business, writing) is/was this person active?

Read the brief descriptions of the available sources with these questions in mind and you'll be more likely to choose a source that will suit your needs.